The Tuscan Order - Classical Architecture - Brockwell Incorporatedcomposite classical order of architecture green button

history of the classical orders of architecture header with black pin stripes background

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composite order features header classical orders of architecture by brockwell incorporated

  • The column height is equal to (10) diameters.

  • The column shaft is tapered and typically fluted with (24) flutes, but it can also be plain / smooth.

  • Instead of ending at the top & bottom of the column shaft, the flutes are commonly rounded off.

  • The capital is similar in design to the Roman Corinthian capital, but it incorporates elements from the Ionic capital as well.  It has two rows of acanthus leaves around the capital.  The uppermost (3rd level) section is essentially an Ionic capital, which showcases (8) volutes - diagonally situated - and supports a square abacus.

  • The Attic base is the correct base style to utilize, and it consists of (2) rings - an upper & lower (which is slightly larger than the upper) torus that is separated by a scotia (concave molding).  They rest on a square plinth.

  • The entablature consists of (3) sections (top to bottom):  the cornice, the frieze, and the architrave.  It is recognized as having elaborate ornamentation.

  • The cornice section of the entablature boasts elaborate embellishments, including intricate dentils, bracket-like details, and modillions.

  • The column is correlated to success, opulence, victory, luxury, and grandeur.

classical examples of the orders of architecture header with black background and white pin stripes

  • Triumphal Arch of Septimius Severus |  (Rome, Italy)
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  • Thermae of Diocletian  |  (Rome, Italy)
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  • Arch of Titus  |  (Rome, Italy)
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  • Ospedale degli Innocenti  |  (Florence, Italy)
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  • Palazzo del Capitaniato  |  (Vicenza, Italy)
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  • Archbasilica of St. John Lateran  |  (Rome, Italy)
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recommended column uses of the orders of architecture header with black background and white pin stripes

  • For buildings that represent a 'Victory' or 'Triumph.'

  • For exterior & interior applications of Libraries.

  • For large, imposing buildings.

  • Inside noteworthy museums.

  • On the uppermost level of a building or home. (i.e. If there are 3 levels to a building, then Composite Order columns would be featured on the third level).

  • For prestigious churches dedicated to the Virgin Mary or female saints.

  • The interiors of large homes as room separators.

  • As supports for an archway.

  • On the exterior of large residences that possess imposing architectural features.

  • On memorial buildings that have bold proportions.

  • For residences that have lavish and luxurious architectural characteristics.

  • For prestigious federal buildings.

  • For Governors' mansions.

  • For projects that reflect richness & grandeur.


Brandwein, Martin.  “CLASSICAL ARCHITECTURE:  A HANDBOOK OF THE TRADITION FOR TODAY.”  Institue of Classical Architecture & Art.  Web.  Oct.-Nov. 2017.

Onians, John.  Bearers of meaning:  The Classical Orders in Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and the Renaissance.  Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1990.

Stratton, Arthur.  The orders of architecture, Greek, Roman and Renaissance, with selected examples of their application shown on 80 plates.  London:  Studio Editions, 1986.