The Doric Order - Classical Orders of Architecture -

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  • The column height is between (4) and (6-1/2) diameters.

  • Shaft is most often fluted with (20) shallow, vertical flutes.

  • Capital consists of a square abacus & a rounded, convex echinus, below.

  • No base.  Instead, Greek Doric columns sit directly on a stylobate (or tiered step-like platform).

  • The entablature consists of (3) sections (top to bottom):  the cornice, the frieze, and the architrave.  It is recognized as having minimal ornamentation.

  • The frieze is recognized as having alternating triglyphs and metopes.

  • The column is correlated to strength & stability.

  • The column height is more slender and equal to (8) diameters.

  • Shaft is usually fluted but can also be plain / smooth.

  • Capital is similar to the Tuscan capital, with an occasional addition of egg-and-dart ornamentation on the echinus.

  • The column's neck can have between (4) - (8) decorative rosettes.

  • There are two (2) appropriate base styles - the Roman Doric & the Ionic (Attic).  The Roman Doric base consists of a single torus that rests on a square plinth.  The Attic base consists of (2) rings - an upper & lower torus that is separated by a scotia (concave molding).  They rest on a square plinth.

  • The height of the entablature is slightly reduced and - at the corner of the architrave - the triglyphs are centered over the column instead of covering the corners.

  • Although less-robust than the Greek Doric column, the Roman Doric column is still correlated to strength, sturdiness, and masculinity.

    classical examples of the orders of architecture header with black background and white pin stripes

    • Paestum [Greek Doric] |  (Campania, Italy)
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    • Temple of the Delians [Greek Doric]  |  (Delos, Greece)
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    • Parthenon [Greek Doric]  |  (Athens, Greece)
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    • Tempietto of San Pietro [Roman Doric]  |  (Montorio, Rome, Italy)
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    • Theatre of Marcellus / First level [Roman Doric]  |  (Rome, Italy)
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    • Palace of Charles V [Roman Doric]  |  (Granada, Spain)
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    recommended column uses of the orders of architecture header with black background and white pin stripes

    • For doorways and entrances where only one pair of columns is needed.

    • Greek Doric - for large, two-story Greek Revival balconies.

    • For museums and memorials.

    • Porches (linear or wrap-around).

    • The lowest story of a building.

    • For the interior & exterior of church buildings.

    • For colonnades, walkways, and pergolas.

    • As interior room dividers – instead of walls.

    • For more simple-style homes / buildings where a sense of robustness is preferred.


    Brandwein, Martin.  “CLASSICAL ARCHITECTURE:  A HANDBOOK OF THE TRADITION FOR TODAY.”  Institue of Classical Architecture & Art.  Web.  Oct.-Nov. 2017.

    Onians, John.  Bearers of meaning:  The Classical Orders in Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and the Renaissance.  Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1990.

    Stratton, Arthur.  The orders of architecture, Greek, Roman and Renaissance, with selected examples of their application shown on 80 plates.  London:  Studio Editions, 1986.