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   GREEK CORINTHIAN  

  • The column height is equal to (10) diameters.

  • Shaft is tapered and¬†predominately¬†fluted with (24) flutes, but it can also be plain / smooth.

  • Instead of ending at the top & bottom of the column shaft, the flutes are commonly rounded off.

  • The capital is the most distinguishable aspect of the Greek Corinthian column.¬† This capital is certainly rare and developed in more detail with the Romans.¬† The structure is an inverted bell-shape with a lower level featuring acanthus leaves all the way around.¬† Above the acanthus leaves, and alternating between them, are water leaves.¬† This capital is separated from the shaft by an astragal (neck ring).

  • The Ionic (Attic) base is the correct base style to utilize, and it consists of (2) rings - an upper & lower torus that is separated by a scotia (concave molding). Very early Attic bases did not rest on a square plinth, but the Order has evolved to include a square plinth.

  • The entablature consists of (3) sections (top to bottom): the cornice, the frieze, and the architrave.¬† It is recognized - along with the Composite Order - as the tallest entablature of the Classical Orders.

  • The cornice section of the entablature boasts elaborate embellishments, including intricately spaced dentils and bracket-like details.

  • The Greek¬†Corinthian column is correlated to elegance, luxury, and oppulence.
   ROMAN CORINTHIAN   

  • The column height is equal to (10) diameters.

  • Shaft is tapered and most commonly¬†fluted¬†with¬†(24)¬†flutes, but it can also be plain / smooth.

  • Instead of ending at the top & bottom of the column shaft, the flutes are commonly rounded off.

  • The capital differs from the Greek version, most noticeably by having two tiers of (8) acanthus leaves all the way around the capital.¬† From the second tier of acanthus leaves rise (8) caulicoli, which forms a third tier of ornamentation.

  • The Ionic (Attic) base is the correct base style to utilize, and it consists of (2) rings - an upper & lower (which is slightly larger than the upper) torus that is separated by a¬†scotia¬†(concave molding).¬† They rest on a square plinth.

  • The entablature consists of (3) sections (top to bottom): the¬†cornice, the¬†frieze, and the¬†architrave.¬† It is recognized as having¬†elaborate ornamentations and embellishments.

  • The cornice section of the entablature showcases elaborate embellishments, including intricately spaced dentils, modillions, and other circular ornamentations adorned with acanthus detailing.

  • The Roman¬†Corinthian column is correlated to opulence, sophistication, luxury, and grandeur.

    classical examples of the orders of architecture header with black background and white pin stripes

    • Tower of the Winds [Greek Corinthian] | (Athens, Greece)
      / view /

    • Choragic Monument of Lysicrates [Greek Corinthian] | (Athens, Greece)
      / view /

    • Temple of Olympian Zeus [Roman Corinthian] | (Athens, Greece)
      / view /

    • Pantheon [Roman Corinthian] | (Rome, Italy)
      / view /

    • Maison Carr√©e [Roman Corinthian] | (Nimes, France)
      / view /

    recommended column uses of the orders of architecture header with black background and white pin stripes

    • For exterior & interior applications of Civic buildings.

    • For exterior & interior applications of Religious buildings.

    • For large, imposing buildings, such as Banks.

    • For City Halls.

    • The interior of large homes as room separators, instead of walls.

    • On the exterior of large residences that possess grandiose architectural features.

    • On Memorial buildings.

    • For¬†prestigious federal buildings.

    • For projects that reflect supreme opulence and stateliness.



    BIBLIOGRAPHY


    Brandwein, Martin. ‚ÄúCLASSICAL ARCHITECTURE: A HANDBOOK OF THE TRADITION FOR TODAY.‚ÄĚ Institue of Classical Architecture & Art. Web. Oct.-Nov. 2017.

    Onians, John. Bearers of meaning: The Classical Orders in Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and the Renaissance. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1990.

    Stratton, Arthur. The orders of architecture, Greek, Roman and Renaissance, with selected examples of their application shown on 80 plates. London: Studio Editions, 1986.